Grand Dukes of Tuscany: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany Books LLC

ISBN: 9781155355764

Published: August 14th 2011

Paperback

34 pages


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Grand Dukes of Tuscany: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany  by  Books LLC

Grand Dukes of Tuscany: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany by Books LLC
August 14th 2011 | Paperback | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, RTF | 34 pages | ISBN: 9781155355764 | 8.72 Mb

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 33. Chapters: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany,MorePlease note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 33. Chapters: Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo III de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Gian Gastone de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Elisa Bonaparte, Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Cosimo I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Francesco I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinando I de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke Josef Ferdinand of Austria, Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Ferdinando II de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke Peter Ferdinand of Austria, List of rulers of Tuscany, Cosimo II de Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Archduke Sigismund, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Grand Princes of Tuscany.

Excerpt: Cosimo III de Medici (14 August 1642 - 31 October 1723) was the penultimate Grand Duke of Tuscany. He reigned from 1670 to 1723, and was the elder son of Grand Duke Ferdinando II. Cosimos 53-year long reign, the longest in Tuscan history, was marked by a series of ultra-reactionary laws which regulated prostitution and banned May celebrations. His reign also witnessed Tuscanys deterioration to previously unknown economic lows. He was succeeded by his elder surviving son, Gian Gastone, when he died, in 1723.

He married Marguerite Louise dOrl ans, a cousin of Louis XIV. The marriage was solemnized by proxy in the Kings Chapel at the Louvre, on Sunday, April 17th, 1661. It was a marriage fraught with tribulation. Marguerite Louise eventually abandoned Tuscany for the Convent of Montmartre. Together, they had 3 children: Ferdinando in 1663, Anna Maria Luisa, Electress Palatine, in 1667, and Gian Gastone, the last Medicean ruler of Tuscany, in 1671. In later life, he attempted to have Anna Maria Luisa recognised as the universal heiress of Tuscany, but Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor, would not allow it because Florence was nominally ...



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